Military Histories Old and New

Military Histories Old and New

In Military Histories Old and New: A Reintroduction  by Robert M. Citino the author begins by categorizing the three major groupings of military history. The first he mentions is “war and society” scholars who work to see the connections between societies and their militaries. The second grouping comprises of traditional operational historians who attempt to analyze the hows and whys of warfare, strategy, battle, etc. The last grouping Citino mentions are the “New military history” scholars whose focus is on the interface between war and society, the social composition of armies, civil-military relations, and the impact of war on race, class, and gender (pg. 1070-1073). Throughout his article Citino mentions several scholarly works on military histories as examples for these groupings and other different approaches military historians use. On page 1082 Citino talks about culture and memory history. The example for this about Gettysburg and Pearl Harbor and about how the nation was able to construct a collective memory of that day and change over time (1082-1083). Towards the end of his artcle Citino mentions The Embattled Future of Academic History” written by John A. Lynn where he argues that trends in historical scholarship (interest in race, class, gender, culture) are moving away from research into war. Lynn’s solution for the the lessening focus on military history is for historians to embrace elements of gender studies and new cultural history (1087).

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